Rossington St Michael's C of E Primary School, Sheepbridge Lane, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, DN11 0EZ

01302 868 284 Fax: 01302 86493

enquiries@smp.dsat.education

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Rossington St Michael’s C of E Primary School

Learning to be the best that we can be with the love of God

Shut down support for those pupils with ASD or ASD traits

ASD

What is ASD?

ASD stands for Autistic Spectrum Disorder, it is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with and relates to other people. It also affects how they make sense of the world around them. It is a spectrum condition which means that while all people with autism share certain difficulties thier condition willl affect them in different ways.

People who present with autism can often have other conditions. See diagram below:

People who have autisim tend to have needs in four key areas. These are show in the diagram below:

How can I support my child in these areas?

Social Communication

Children may demonstrate difficulties with understanding  they often take things very literally and have a poor short term memory. If instructions are given too quickly or are too complex they may become confused. When in different contexts and enviroments autistic people may not understand social expectations.

Children may also have difficulty in expression, they may speak in a monotone voice or too fast or slow. They often will repeat what you have said back to themselves. They often have difficulty regualting volum and may often be too loud or quiet.

Children with autisim find it hard to vocalise thier thoughts and feelings, they often have conversations that are about them and thier interests and find it difficult to interact in a two way conversation.

How might this present in my child?

  • They may not be able to understand the differences in tones of voice e.g. anger and happiness
  • They find it difficult to udertadn non verbal communication e.g.  social gestures.
  • They may take information litrally e.g.  pull your socks up, pull yourself together etc

What can I do?

  •  Try and teach your child what different tones of voice may mean
  • Model to them how we use body movements to communciate

 

Social Interaction

  • Children may experience difficulty in  making and maintaining friendships.
  • They may find it difficult to understand other peoples thoughts and feelings.
  • They may focus solely on themselves and not understand the actions of others.

How might this present in my child?

  • They may not be able to understand the feelings of others e.g.  when they accidently hurt someone they may not understand why they are crying.
  • Children may prefer to play in isolation or with just one specific friend. They maybe unsure how to instiate commmunication e.g.  asking if they can play.
  • When in social situations e.g.  when waiting for dinner in a queue they may try to push in. They may not undersatnd the concept of queuing they are hungry, there is food, I will get my food.

What can I do?

  • Be patient with your child and model how to initiate social interactions.
  • Speak about thoughts and feelings as they occur and how you feel when you feel that way e.g.  when I am sad I cry.
  • Explain social situations before they happen e.g. if you know you are going to be waiting in a queue, explain why and focus on what will happen at the end.

Social Imagination

 

  • Children  may find it difficult to play especially imaginative play.
  • They will find things that are out of routine difficult.
  • They may have obsessions or special interests.

What can I do?

  •  Help them play by re-enacting things they have watched or read. Model how to play imaginatively.
  • Try and keep things in a routine and prepare them for any changes or new situations well in advance.
  • Engage with them about thier interests and try and link social situations to them.
  • Encourage them to try new things.

Sensory Differences

Below is a list of all the different senses that children have:

Difficulties in these areas can differ from child to child. below is an example of how these can present in children.

How Can I Help?

  • Be aware of your child's sensory needs and communicate them to others so that your child does not feel uncomfortable.
  • Do not try and force your child to do something e.g.  enter into a loud and busy room. Introduce things gradually or provide them with something to help reduce the stress it may cause e.g.  ear phones.

If you have any concerns regarding your child and the things that have been mentioned please contact me at sendco@smp.dsat.education

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